Thursday, 19 May 2022

First conditional

Hello, hello!
In this unit of English we've learnt how to use conditionals.
Conditionals are sentences with two clauses – an "if" clause and a main clause – that express possibility. Depending on the grade of probability of the sentence, we divide them in different categories.
We use the first conditional when we talk about real and possible situations.

  • I’ll go shopping on the way home if I have time.
  • If it’s a nice day tomorrow, we’ll go to the beach.
  • If Arsenal win, they’ll be top of the league.
  • If it rains, I won't go to the park. 
  • If I study today, I'll go to the party tonight.
  • If I have enough money, I'll buy some new shoes. 
  • She'll be late if the train is delayed. 
  • She'll miss the bus if she doesn't leave soon. 
  • If I see her, I'll tell her.

The first conditional describes a particular situation, whereas the zero conditional describes what happens in general. 
For example (zero conditional): if you sit in the sun, you get burned (here I'm talking about every time a person sits in the sun - the burning is a natural consequence of the sitting).
But (first conditional): if you sit in the sun, you'll get burned (here I'm talking about what will happen today, another day might be different)

In first conditional sentences, the structure is usually if + present simple and will + infinitive. It’s not important which clause comes first.

Here you have some exercises to practice and test yourselves:

Bruno Mars' "Count on me" song training to practise the First conditional
I hope you find these useful!
Bye, bye, butterflies!

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